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Naturopathic Doctor

Neurology 130 - 132

Hour 1
  • Describe the importance of the primitive reflexes
  • Explain the role of fundamental patterns
  • Summarize the generation of cortical release signs
Hour 2
  • Diagram the muscle – brain interactions and the hypothalamus – hormonal feedback loop
  • Define deaffrentation
  • Explain spinal dyscoupling and its effect on the neuraxis

Hour 3

  • Explain how the balance system depends on symmetrical input
  • Describe the relationship between the deep tendon monosynaptic reflexes and posture control
  • Explain the importance of the tonic neck reflexes to posture and functional assessment

Hour 4

  • Describe the flexion and extension synergistic patterns
  • Explain the function of the flexor withdrawal reflex in relation to central pattern generators
  • Outline the role of the Galant reflex in postural control

Hour 5

  • Explain the relationship between the flexor withdrawal reflex and the crossed extensor reflex.
  • Describe the anticipated response in testing the upper Galant reflex
  • Outline the normal display of the tonic lumbar reflex

Hour 6

  • Explain the etiology of cortical release signs
  • Describe the determinant of posture
  • Outline the test for normal stance and gait and analyze the results
Hour 7
  • Describe the types of muscle fibers and how they respond to deaffrentation
  • Outline the anatomy of the cerebellum
  • Explain the function of the various areas of the cerebellum

Hour 8

  • Outline the afferent cerebellar pathways
  • Describe the efferent cerebellar pathways and their interconnections
  • Summarize the blood supply to the cerebellum and brain stem

Hour 9

  • Describe the relationship between cerebellar output and autonomic function
  • List the signs of pathological cerebellar expression
  • Explain the concept of surround inhibition

Hour 10

  • Recognize how variations in functional muscle testing procedure will yield different clinical information
  • Explain the difference is the influence of uniarticulate muscles versus multiarticulate muscle on stability and affrentation
  • Describe the normal responses of the primitive reflexes

Hour 11

  • Explain the role of the pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems
  • Select appropriate procedures to test for pyramidal distribution of weakness
  • Describe exercises to address pyramidal distribution of weakness
  • Recognize the foundational concept of receptor input
  • Explain the role of the primitive reflexes as a diagnostic tool
  • Summarize how functional manual muscle testing can reveal the presence of deaffrentation


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